_There’s also a YouTube version of this article._
The picture above shows some (far from everything!) of what we know about the cells and neural circuits in the human retina.
What’s interesting is - the retina is not just a light detection organ. It’s a complex electro-chemical calculator with three neural layers, and it uses these layers to extract a number of useful signals from the light that hits our eyes.
Below, we’ll step through some of the more interesting features of the retina, but if you’d like to learn more, the above picture (and this article) are mostly based on this review article published in Feb 2020 in the journal Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, and on chapter 17 of the latest edition of Ryan’s Retina.